By S. D. Berkowitz
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Medical marijuana legislation in 50 states: Investigating the connection among kingdom legalization of scientific marijuana and marijuana use, abuse and dependence • Article
Drug and Alcohol Dependence, quantity one hundred twenty, factor 1-3, January 2012, Pages 22-27
Cerda, M. ; Wall, M. ; Keyes, ok. M. ; Galea, S. ; Hasin, D.
Marijuana is the main often used illicit substance within the usa. Little is understood of the function that macro-level components, together with group norms and legislation regarding substance use, play in identifying marijuana use, abuse and dependence. We validated the connection among state-level legalization of clinical marijuana and marijuana use, abuse, and dependence.
We used the second one wave of the nationwide Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and comparable stipulations (NESARC), a countrywide survey of adults elderly 18+ (n = 34,653). chosen analyses have been replicated utilizing the nationwide Survey on Drug Use and healthiness (NSDUH), a every year survey of ∼68,000 participants elderly 12+. We measured past-year hashish use and DSM-IV abuse/dependence.
In NESARC, citizens of states with scientific marijuana legislation had better odds of marijuana use (OR: 1. ninety two; ninety five% CI: 1. 49–2. forty seven) and marijuana abuse/dependence (OR: 1. eighty one; ninety five% CI: 1. 22–2. sixty seven) than citizens of states with no such legislation. Marijuana abuse/dependence was once no more popular between marijuana clients in those states (OR: 1. 03; ninety five% CI: zero. 67–1. 60), suggesting that the better danger for marijuana abuse/dependence in those states used to be accounted for by way of greater premiums of use. In NSDUH, states that legalized clinical marijuana additionally had larger charges of marijuana use.
States that legalized scientific marijuana had larger premiums of marijuana use. destiny examine must learn no matter if the organization is causal, or is because of an underlying universal reason, corresponding to neighborhood norms supportive of the legalization of scientific marijuana and of marijuana use.
scientific marijuana laws;
Substance use disorders;
This publication is a concise highbrow biography of Harold Garfinkel, a key determine in 20th-century social technological know-how. Garfinkel is essentially synonymous with ethnomethodology, an procedure that because the Sixties has ended in significant analytic and methodological advancements in sociology and different disciplines. This advent to Garfinkel explores how he built ethnomethodology below the impact of Talcott Parsons and Alfred Schutz, situates it inside of sociology ordinarily, and demonstrates its vital impression on fresh advancements in
the self-discipline, quite the sociology of technological know-how and know-how, gender reviews, association reports, and the pc sciences. The publication can be of huge curiosity within the social sciences and an invaluable complement to classes on highbrow background and technique.
The position of behavioral and social sciences within the court docket atmosphere has multiplied exponentially some time past few a long time. it really is now widely known that scientists in those components offer severe contextual info for felony determination making, and that there's a trustworthy wisdom base for doing so.
Im Zuge der kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Globalisierung kommt der Aneignung sowie der Erforschung und Vermittlung interkultureller Kompetenzen eine große Bedeutung zu. Auch auf dem Arbeitsmarkt wird diese Schlüsselqualifikation in zunehmendem Maße vorausgesetzt und nachgefragt. Diese Einführung informiert über Konzeptionen, Problembereiche, Methoden, Theorieansätze sowie zentrale Begriffe der Interkulturellen Kommunikation und bietet zahlreiche anschauliche Beispiele.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach to Social Research
The directions given by the arrowheads indicate possible role compounds. Note that cyclic or repetitive role sequences are possible, for example, FWFWFW. The upwardly looping and downwardly looping arrows defined onto the father (F) and son (S) roles indicate possible paths between generations—for example, FF = ego's grandfather. 43 Individuals would have a great deal of difficulty navigating in societies in which kinship is seen as the focal aspect of social order, White continues, unless some principle existed for creating classes of equivalent relations.
6 In practice, this digraph might be used to represent the command structure of a small organization, with the directed ties indicating the direction of flow of instructions. 7. 6 "drop out" when we calculate the second-order indirect (t2) linkages. The third power of the A matrix (A3) would be zero-filled 40 AN I N T R O D U C T I O N TOSTRUCTURALANALYSIS because no ties ^ t3 are present. (All higher powers would, of course, be zero-filled as well). 7 This correspondence between the powers of a matrix and the length of indirect or transitive relations in a graph is extremely useful.
An Introduction to Mathematical Models in the Social and Life Sciences. : Addison-Wesley, 1978. " After almost a century of research into topics—such as families, peer groups, friendship, ethnicity, and urban neighborhoods—where this conceptual framework is only marginally useful, the predominant tendency is to continue to view the social world as a simple extension of the sentiments, motivations, and attitudes of individual actors. At best, conventional social science sees the ties which bind actors together into families, ethnic groups, friendship circles, and other social entities as products of individual consciousness or internal states of mind.
An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach to Social Research by S. D. Berkowitz