By J. David Lewis
Lewis and Smith reconstruct the highbrow histories of either American pragmatism and sociology as they built from 1892 to 1935 on the college of Chicago. In doing so, the authors problem a lot present pondering in philosophy and sociology. opposite to the traditional account of the background of yank pragmatism, which depicts the philosophies of Charles Peirce, William James, John Dewey, and George Herbert Mead as forming a unified culture, the authors argue that there have been distinctive different types of American pragmatism. One used to be the individualist pragmatism of James's and Dewey's practical psychology; the opposite was once the extra socially orientated pragmatism of Peirce and Mead.
The authors current a reinterpretation of the highbrow impact of the pragmatists, specifically Mead, upon the early Chicago sociologists and the next culture of symbolic interactionism. via an research of appropriate texts, they exhibit that major sociologists of the interval, Small, Ellwood, Thomas, and Blumer, between others, approximate the philosophical culture of James and Dewey extra heavily than that of Mead and Peirce.
The convergence of textual, archival, and survey-based proof accrued via Lewis and Smith reopens the talk in regards to the highbrow roots of yankee sociology. Their research issues towards the necessity for a extensively revised background of symbolic interactionism, American pragmatism, Chicago sociology, and American sociology itself from 1890 to 1935.
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Additional info for American Sociology and Pragmatism: Mead, Chicago Sociology, and Symbolic Interaction
The realists admit the reality of both thought and existence. Moreover, they contend that thought apprehends classes of existents and nomological relations among them through universals. 17 A Synoptic Overview Implications for the Philosophy of Science From epistemology to philosophy of science is not a long step. In some respects, philosophy of science is applied epistemology. It is not surpris ing, then, that the epistemological positions of realism and nominalism are directly expressed in their respective philosophies of science.
The Phenomenological Categories One of the things Peirce retained from his long and dedicated study of Kant was a categorical approach to metaphysics. ” (Freeman, 1934:4). This is the problem Kant faced in attempting to give a categoriological answer to his question of how synthetic a priori judg ments are possible. , “ All red roses are red” ). , a argument of symbolic logic). Kant agreed with Hume and the other empiricists that there can be no knowledge without experi ence, but he denied that all knowledge must flow directly from sense experience.
The instrumentalist follows the same 19 A Synoptic Overview line of reasoning in declaring theoretical entities unreal as the nominalist follows in judging all universals unreal. Hence, the instrumentalist pre sumes that once it is shown that theoretical entities are mind-relative, it is obvious that they are not real. But we must distinguish the symbol from the thing symbolized. Clearly, the words or the mathematical expressions are inventions of the scientist and, as such, are mind-relative.
American Sociology and Pragmatism: Mead, Chicago Sociology, and Symbolic Interaction by J. David Lewis