By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes
This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American historical past classes, A background of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic idea, classification constitution and fiscal association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency idea, the preferred interpretation of Latin American historical past, which stresses the industrial dating of Latin American international locations to wealthier international locations, fairly the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A historical past of Latin the USA makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation method, and comprises the newest historic research and the main updated examine. this can be the main streamlined and cohesive version but, with huge additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. elevated insurance of social and cultural historical past comprises ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.
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Extra info for A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910
Improved agricultural production relieved population pressures for a time and made possible the late Classic ﬂowering (600 to 800 CE), marked by a revival of ceremonial center construction, architecture, and the arts. But renewed population pressures, food shortages, and warfare between regional centers, perhaps aggravated by external attacks, led to a severe cultural and social decline in the last century of the Classic period. ” No such decline occurred in northern Yucatán, a low, limestone plain covered in most places with dense thickets of thorny scrub forest.
In recent decades, however, evidence has accumulated that many of the glyphs carved on stelae, lintels, and other monuments record accessions, wars, and other milestones in the lives of secular rulers. The new interpretation assumes a very complex social order with a large distance between the classes. At the apex of the social pyramid stood a hereditary ruler who combined the political, military, and religious leadership of the state. He was surrounded by an aristocracy or nobility, from which were drawn the administrative and executive bureaucracy.
Led by their war chief Itzcoatl, the Aztecs joined the rebellious city-state of Texcoco and the smaller town of Tlacopan to destroy the tyranny of Azcapotzalco. Their joint victory (1430) led to the rise of a Triple Alliance for the conquest ﬁrst of the valley and then of much of the Middle American world. Gradually, the balance of power shifted to the aggressive Aztec state. Texcoco became a junior partner, and Tlacopan was reduced to a satellite. The strong position of their island fortiﬁcation and a shrewd policy of forming alliances and sharing the spoils of conquest with strategic mainland towns, which they later came to dominate, help explain Aztec success in gaining control of the Valley of Mexico.
A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to 1910 by Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes