By Igor Kon, H. Campbell Creighton
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Additional info for A History of Classical Sociology
The crisis of evolutionism at the turn of the century evoked sharp criticism of Spencer. But Durkheim had already seen in him the forerunner of the functionalist trend. 20 Later, however, he was cited less and less. 21 Historians of sociology of 1940-50 agreed with that. The advent of neo-evolutionism, on the one hand, and of cybernetics and the systems approach, on the other, again raised interest in the West in him, and he was seen as a precursor of these new currents, although they were not born, of course, on foundation of Spencerism.
London, 1875), p 328. , p 330. 5 Herbert Spencer. An Autobiography, Vol. , London, 1926), p 488. 6 Herbert Spencer. The Study of Sociology, p 329. 7 Ibid. 8 Herbert Spencer. The Principles of Sociology, Vol. 1 (Williams and Norgate, London, 1885), pp 449-450. 9 Herbert Spencer. First Principles (Williams and Norgate, London, 1890), pp 346-347. 10 Herbert Spencer. The Study of Sociology, p 401. 11 Herbert Spencer. First Principles, p 239. 12 Herbert Spencer. Social Statics, p 80. 13 Robert C. Perrin.
The central theme of his work was that the inequality connected with racial differences, and the struggle of races stemming from it, were the cause of the decline and death of civilisations. Being a pessimist he started from the fatal inevitability of the death of all civilisations, including the European. Miscegenation (necessarily with participation of the ‗white,‘ race), which figured initially as a necessary source of the development of civilisation, subsequently led inevitably to its degeneration and death.
A History of Classical Sociology by Igor Kon, H. Campbell Creighton